What is scoring and folding and how does it work?

Nothing is more disappointing than having a beautiful print job ruined by uneven and cracked folding.

This is where scoring comes in. Scoring refers to the process of making a crease to make the paper fold easier and lessen the cracks. A paper score is a ridge or indentation on the paper placed wherever the fold line will be. A blunt metal edge – using a wheel or rule – flexes the fibers to allow smooth folding.

Scoring can be done either inline or offline. Inline scoring is when the stock is scored as it passes through the printing press, while offline scoring is performed on a separate piece of device after printing has finished. Between the two, offline method generally produces better results because it enables adjustments and control over the depth and location of the fold.

When it comes to folding, some experts prefer folding with the grain as it gives a more resilient effect on the paper. Meanwhile, others prefer folding against the grain, as it could prevent the score from running along the multiple paper fibers.

Depending on the technique, it’s important to test what depth, width, and direction the score should be to give you the best result for your business card. Slight adjustments may be required to give you that smooth, even fold.