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Printing Industry Glossary Terms

Are you puzzled by strange print-industry terms or abbreviations? Are you looking for a printing dictionary that explains these print terms in plain English? Then you are in the right place. Print Peppermints's Printing Glossary lists and explains the most commonly used terms in any type of printing project. This is the best place for graphic designers and people buying printing online to start familiarizing themselves with the Print Industry lingo. If there is something you would like explained in more detail or that you feel is missing from our list, please send us an email and let us know.

What is: Abrasion resistance ?

The extent of scuffing and squeezing that a paper can…

What is: Absorption ?

Refers to characteristics within a paper that gives it the…

What is: Accordion Fold ?

Refers to a particular pattern of folding paper. The name…

What is: Acetate Proof ?

Refers to a printing proof which is acetate in nature.…

What is: Acid-free Paper ?

Papers which are completely free from the presence of acid.…

What is: Acidity ?

The level or extent of acid that is found in…

What is: Against the grain ?

The right location or position of fiber in the paper.…

What is: Air-dried Paper ?

Paper that has dried off through the use of hot…

What is: Alcohol ?

Refer to fluids which the printing press would utilize to…

What is: Aluminum ?

A press plate made from metal. This is usually used…

What is: Announcement Cards ?

These refer to matching envelopes paired with cards of paper.…

What is: Antique finish ?

Refers to a finish used for papers. You can usually…

What is: Apron ?

Refers to space which is created at the edge of…

What is: Archival Paper ?

Refers to a paper which is acid-free and that is…

What is: Artificial parchment ?

Paper that has been poorly formed or has a very…

What is: Artwork ?

This is used to generally refer to every item or…

What is: Ascenders ?

These are the letters in lower case. This would specifically…

What is: Back cylinder Pressure ?

It refers to the extent of the pressure which is…

What is: Backbone ?

This is popularly known as the spine. It simply refers…

What is: Backing up ?

Refers to the process of having the reverse side of…

What is: Bagasse ?

Refers to fiber or sugar cane which has been crushed.…

What is: Baggy roll ?

This is a defect on the mill roll which is…

What is: Band ?

It is defined in three ways; It can refer to…

What is: Barium Sulfate ?

This is a substance which is used primarily for whites.…

What is: Baronial ?

This is an envelope which usually takes the shape of…

What is: Base ?

This refers to a paper that has already been manufactured…

What is: Base Color ?

This refers to a color which is first used on…

What is: Base size ?

This is the normal size of the sheets that are…

What is: Baseline ?

This refers to a line which is largely invisible. This…

What is: Basis Weight ?

This refers to the weight of the basic sized paper…

What is: Beater ?

This refers to a machine which is similar to a…

What is: Beater-sized ?

This refers to the procedures involved in the addition of…

What is: Bindery ?

This refers to the folding, reduction and the piercing of…

What is: Binding ?

There can be two meanings to this word;

What is: Binding Edge ?

It can refer to a part of the book, usually,…

What is: Black Printer ?

This refers to the black plate which is generally used…

What is: Blank ?

This word can have two meanings; It can be another…

What is: Blanket ?

The word is usually used in relation to offset lithography.…

What is: Blanket contamination ?

This refers to waste that has attached itself to the…

What is: Blanket Creep ?

This refers to all changes or movements on the surface…

What is: Blanket Cylinder ?

This refers to the cylinder that is used in the…

What is: Blanket Pull ?

This refers to the middle (tack) that can be found…

What is: Bleach ?

This refers to a substance which is usually chemical or…

What is: Bleaching ?

This refers to using certain chemicals to treat the pulp…

What is: Bleed ?

This word can have two meaning; When it is used…

What is: Blind embossing ?

This refers to a method in which a design which…

What is: Blocking ?

This refers to printed sheets shearshim. This is usually frequent…

What is: Blocking out ?

This is the removal of certain parts of the negatives.…

What is: Blowup ?

This refers to enlarging an image size

What is: Blueprint ?

Refers to a form of photo-print. It plays the role…

What is: Boldface ?

This is a thicker type which is also quite heavier.…

What is: Bond paper ?

This refers to a paper which is made from a…

What is: Bonding strength ?

This refers to the resistance of paper fibers to tear…

What is: Book paper ?

This is a term which is used generally when referring…

What is: Booklet ?

This refers to a piece which has been printed. This…

What is: Brightness ?

This refers to the reflections that are made on a…

What is: Bristol ?

This is a term which is used generally to refer…

What is: Bristol boards ?

Refers to a heavy paper which is of the highest…

What is: Broke ?

This refers to a paper which is no longer desirable.…

What is: Broken carton ?

This refers to carton which has been opened and some…

What is: Bulk ?

This refers to the thickness of the sheet. Note that…

What is: Bulking dummy ?

Refers to sheets of paper that remains unprinted. They would…

What is: Bursting strength ?

The level of tension a paper can take before its…

What is: Butted Joint ?

This refers to the coming together of webs of paper.…

What is: Caking ?

During printing, the ink pigments leave spots on the press…

What is: Calcium carbonate, CaSO4 ?

The calcium carbonate is a chemical compound whose function is…

What is: Calcium sulfate, CaSO3 ?

A chemical compound used by plastic surgeons as a filler.

What is: Calendar stacks ?

This refers to a group of steel rolls placed vertically…

What is: Calendering ?

This is done to achieve a smooth finish on paper.…

What is: Caliper ?

This is the thickness of a paper which is measured…

What is: Camera-ready art ?

This refers to artwork ready to be filmed by the…

What is: Casebound ?

A book with hard and strong cover.

What is: Cellulose ?

For the manufacturing of paper, cellulose is the main component…

What is: Cellulose fiber ?

This refers to the remaining fiber that is left after…

What is: Centre spread ?

Facing pages found in the center of signatures of bookbinding.

What is: Chain lines ?

Also referred to as chain mark and it is the…

What is: Chalking ?

This refers to an inappropriate way of drying ink. The…

What is: Character ?

Refers to either a type of font used in a…

What is: Character count ?

This refers to the number of alphabet or number that…

What is: Chemical ghosting ?

A duplication of a printed image which is found on…

What is: Chemical pulp ?

This is a fiber of wood that has been cooked…

What is: Chipboard ?

This is cheap, thick cardboard that is made from reused…

What is: Choke ?

In the preparation of film negatives, this is the process…

What is: Chromalin proofs ?

This refers to a process used in printing. This process…

What is: Cibachrome ?

Refers to a fully colored print which is positive and…

What is: Clear formation ?

This refers to paper fibers that are scattered in a…

What is: Close formation ?

Arranged density found within a sheet of paper.

What is: Cloudy formation ?

It has the same effect as the cloud, makes the…

What is: Cockle finish ?

An uneven and rough finish which is usually manufactured in…

What is: Cold color ?

A bluish color.

What is: Collate ?

In the process of binding, getting sectors together in a…

What is: Color bars ?

Bars of ink color is used to track a printed…

What is: Color comp ?

An imitation of a proposed layout used during the presentation.

What is: Color correction ?

Any means to improve the rendition of colors

What is: Color guide ?

These are guidelines that are fastened to artwork or a…

What is: Color key ?

Refers to a proof that is overlaying and has just…

What is: Color processing printing ?

Refers to printing that is done with the aid of…

What is: Color proofs ?

This refers to the initial pieces that were printed and…

What is: Color scanner ?

A machine that helps in the separation of color that…

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